What Is Gum Disease?
If bacteria are allowed to accumulate in your mouth, you will eventually develop gum disease and loss of bone surrounding your teeth (periodontitis). This is one reason that regular preventive treatment is so important. Nevertheless, even when you care for your teeth properly, you could still suffer from gum disease because of genetics or other medical conditions such as diabetes. Once the bacteria start to multiply, they will move deep into your gums, forming pockets around your tooth roots. The pockets will grow larger over time, and your gums will start to pull away. Eventually, you could suffer from widespread tooth loss, as well as visible gum recession, bleeding, sensitivity, and even jawbone recession.
Treatment for Gum Disease
Scaling and root planing is the most common treatment for gum disease. During this procedure, Dr. Tran will eliminate the bacteria in your gums. He will also remove the uneven patches from your tooth roots. Bacteria can easily gather in these areas, so scaling and planing will help to prevent these bacteria to cause gingival flare ups. Your practitioner can perform this treatment using traditional techniques. However, in most cases, he will use lasers to reduce discomfort and recovery time. Lasers will fully eradicate the harmful bacteria in your gum, but because they are so precise, they will not affect the surrounding tissues. The laser energy will also seal your blood vessels, so your treatment will involve negligible bleeding.
Tissue Grafting for Severe Gum Disease
If you have suffered gum or bone recession as a result of periodontitis, you may benefit from a tissue graft. We will use sterilized artificial or sterilized skin tissues for the procedure. Your gums will be numb during the surgery, so you should experience little discomfort. Dr. Tran will place the tissues over the eroded areas of your gums. Small, dissolvable sutures will keep the sample in place until it integrates with your gum line. A gum graft can improve your appearance, and it can also prevent future tooth loss.
A bone graft is a similar procedure. Dr. Tran may take a sample of your own bone, often from your chin or another part of your jaw. Alternatively, he may use sterilized donor bone or a synthetic material. Through a small incision in your gums, he will use the sample to rebuild the weakened areas of your jaw. Small anchor posts will keep the bone in place until your jaw has fully healed.
Other Periodontal Treatments
Along with treatment for gum disease, we offers additional periodontal treatments for both cosmetic and functional purposes. These oral surgery procedures include:
Frenectomy: You naturally have multiple frena in your mouth. One is located under your tongue, and another is found between your upper lip and gums. If the upper frenum is too large, it can cause a gap to develop between your front teeth. If your lower frena is too large, it can lead to speech impediments. During a frenectomy, your oral surgeon will carefully remove this tissue, often with an advanced surgical laser.
Epulis removal: A non-cancerous epulis is a growth on your gums. It will not affect your health, but it can impact your appearance and the fit of your dentures or partials. Dr. Tran can also remove these growths quickly and with minimal discomfort.
Alveoloplasty: Following extraction or other types of tooth loss, your jawbone may be uneven. As a result, dentures or implant-supported dentures will not fit correctly. During alveoloplasty, your practitioner will smooth down your jawbone before fitting your custom restoration.
For your convenience and comfort, we will often use radiosurgery techniques to perform these surgeries.